A city half of which is Europe and the other half in Asia, the city of Istanbul is called the bridge between the two continents. Istanbul, historically known as Constantinople, covers an area of 1,539 square kilometers. It is the largest and most populous city in Turkey and the country’s economic, cultural, and historical center. The seventh century BC is the beginning of Turkish history. It was originally a colony of ancient Greece and eventually became part of the Byzantine Empire through historical processes.
The history of Istanbul
The city of Istanbul has been inhabited since at least 6700 BC, but it has been formed in the 7th century BC with the construction of the Greeks. King Byzas King Byzas settled the settlements here due to the region’s strategic location and its location along the Bosporus Strait, which has been the city’s importance throughout the ages.
During the power struggles in the Roman Empire in the late second century, Byzantium was besieged by Septimius Severus and rebuilt after he became emperor. In the 4th century, the empire expanded to such an extent that Rome was no longer suitable as a capital. Emperortantine changed the capital to Byzantium, which was eventually renamed Constantinople. Ataturk modernized the new government alongside the Westerners and moved the capital to Ankara. But Istanbul continued to develop with new boulevards and public squares in the 1940s and 1950s. In the 1970s, Istanbul’s population grew rapidly and eventually became one of the world’s largest metropolises.
Culture and customs of the people of Istanbul
Culture is the most important part of the existence of any city or country because it shows how the ancestors of that land are present. Turkey’s geographical location and its proximity to European countries have played a very important role in the culture and customs of the Turkish people, and the Turks are family-friendly and warm-hearted people. Marriage uses her husband’s last name and also the wedding ceremony in Turkey is done with special customs and culture.
One of the char characteristics of Istanbul’s climate characteristics in the summer and cold winters. The best time to visit this city is spring and summer.
Sights of Istanbul
When you travel to Istanbul, you should visit different places there. Some famous places in Istanbul are:
- Hagia Sophia Mosque
Hagia Sophia is one of the most beautiful and oldest buildings in Istanbul. This mosque was in the distant past a church built by order of the Byzantine emperor; but after the conquest of Istanbul by the Muslims and the formation of the Ottoman government, it changed its use to a mosque. The unique and amazing architecture of this mosque will delight every viewer.
- Galata Tower
The tower was built in 500 AD and is one of the main tourist attractions in Istanbul. In the distant past, the Galata Tower was used as a watchtower
- Topkapi Palace
Topkapi Palace is a spectacular monument of Ottoman civilization that brings to life the memories of old Istanbul in the hearts of today’s tourists. Also known as Topqapo Palace and Sultan Suleiman Palace, this palace has about 2.5 million visitors annually.
- Bosphorus Strait
The Bosphorus is a strait in Turkey that connects the Black Sea and the Marmara Sea. This strait is where Turkey is divided into Asian and European parts. Boating and boating are very popular in this strait and it is one of the most popular tourist places in Istanbul.
- Esteghlal Street
Esteghlal Street is the most famous and busiest street in Istanbul and fact the busiest street in Turkey. This street is known among the Turkish people as Istiklal Kadashi, which is the English synonym for independence.
- Miniature Park
Miniatürk Park Istanbul is a miniature city with more than 100 smaller attractions in Turkey, and you can see all these historical and tourist sites together. This park in Istanbul is smaller in size.
Travel expenses to Istanbul
You should know the cost of traveling to Istanbul before going there. You can manage your expenses depending on your budget. Iranians do not need a visa to enter Turkey. Then deduct the visa fee from your expenses. The cost of traveling to Turkey by train, bus, car, and plane varies. So, you should check the best way for traveling to this perfect country.
Istanbul is the third largest tourist city in the world, a multicultural city with a very rich historical peak, which in addition to all the tourist and scenic attractions, is one of the best cities in the world for shopping, wandering, neighborhood, and full of pristine and pristine spaces; A place for experience and fun. A walk that will not water you so easily.