“Khorram Rooz” is the first day of January and was celebrated in ancient Iran on the occasion of the encounter of the name of the day with the name of the moon, which was also the name of God. This day was a big day full of religious and non-religious customs and rituals. Zoroastrians, especially Persians, consider this day very respectful. The first day of January has been the day of equality, brotherhood, and justice of humanity. On this day, all the people, whether kings or peasants, all wore simple clothes so that everyone would look the same.
Philosophy of the word “Dey”
The word di in the Avesta is Dat-Hush or Daz-Vah, which means creator or dadar of the creator, which has always been used as an adjective for Ahuramazda. “Da” means that in Avestan and Achaemenid and Sanskrit Persia means to create and build and forgive. For this reason, the word di was of special importance in ancient Iran.
Di Gan’s first celebration
In addition to the three days in January that have the same name as Dey, the first day of Dey is also called Ormazd, which again means creator. Therefore, in January, four days are called in the name of God, and in this month, the celebration of Digan is held four times.
- Ormazd and Dey Mah: The first day of the ancient Dey month coincides with the 25th of Azar (this day is the 1st of Dey, the birthday of the sun, is the first celebration of Dagan)
- anuary to December and January: The eighth day of the ancient month of December coincides with the 2nd of January of the solar month
- January to October and January: The fifteenth day of the ancient month of January coincides with the 9th of the solar month
- January to Religion and January: The twenty-third day of the ancient month of January coincides with the 17th of January, the solar month
What is the celebration of Khorram Rooz?
In the calendar of the ancient Iranians, every day and every month had a special name. The day of the birth of the sun is the celebration of Khorram Rooz (Khorrooz / Khorshidrooz) has been.
Among the ancient Iranians, besides the fact that Yalda night always had a special place and was always held with its special ceremonies, but there was always the fear of night among the ancients, fear of the longest night of the year, fear of darkness more than ever and fear of The sun does not rise anymore. To forget this fear, they engaged in Yalda night rituals and ceremonies and gathered around relatives and friends to reduce the intensity of this fear.
Etiquette of celebrating Khorram Rooz
As it was mentioned, on this day, no one gave orders and everything was done voluntarily and willingly. On this day, people never fought with each other, and bloodshed and hunting were forbidden, and they were strictly avoided, because this day was highly respected by the people, and it was a day of equality, brotherhood, and justice for humanity. Zoroastrians, especially the Persians, consider the birth of the sun to be very respectful and call it the Day of Judgment. People celebrated this night after Yalda night to remember that the sun is always alive.
Rest in celebration of Khorram Rooz
To avoid waking up on Yalda night so that fatigue does not negatively affect their daily affairs, they would close the sun’s birthday so that they would not do even the slightest mistake.
These historical celebrations have always had a special place among Iranians. In ancient times, they celebrated the smallest things and dates and enjoyed being together. Some people still celebrate this beautiful and historic day. We should be aware of the history of our ancestors and celebrate important days like our ancestors.
the celebration of Khorram Rooz, the birth of the sun, holds a significant place in the rich cultural tapestry of ancient Iran. It was a day marked by both religious reverence and non-religious customs, emphasizing equality, brotherhood, and justice among all members of society. This celebration, held on various occasions throughout the month of Dey, provided a sense of unity and reassurance against the fear of the longest night of the year. Even today, some individuals continue to cherish and commemorate this historic day, a testament to the enduring importance of honoring our ancestral traditions and the legacy they have left behind. In doing so, we connect with our past, fostering a deeper appreciation for the customs and values that have shaped our culture over millennia.