The top 5 cultural attractions of Tehran are world-famous among domestic and foreign tourists. Car rental in Iran is very popular among all tourists. You can rent a car and explore the best places to visit in Tehran. The cultural attractions of Tehran are mostly in District 12 or Shemiranat.
District 12 of Tehran is the center of historical and cultural tourism of the city. Tour leaders believe that if you want to know Tehran and its evolution, you should start your tour from this area, old Tehran.
Tehran has several important historical monuments of Iran. Let’s take a look at the historical and cultural attractions of the Iranian capital.
1٫ Museums and Palaces
– Golestan Palace
Golestan Palace is a masterpiece. Magnificent Golestan Palace was a 19th-century Qajar royal abode. The Qajar dynasty was a royal family which ruled the Persian Empire from 1785 to 1925. If you are interested in the history and architecture of historical buildings, you can make a historical trip to the Qajar period with Golestan Palace.
You can visit the following sections in this palace:
- Edifice of the Sun (Shams ol Emareh)
- Salam Hall (Talar e Salam)
- Mirror Hall (Talar e Aineh)
- Diamond Hall (Talar e Almas)
- Brilliant Hall (Talar e Brelian)
- Pond House (Howz Khaneh)
- Ivory Hall (Talar e Adj)
- Building of Windcatchers (Emarat e Badgir)
- Karim Khani Nook (Khalvat e Karim Khani)
- Marble Throne (Takht e Marmar)
The main building(Brilliant and Diamond Halls), Windcatchers and Marble Throne are the main highlights of the whole complex; the others are purely optional. It may take about two and a half days to see the whole palace.
Walk inside the palace to return to the past and easily spend hours among rooms full of antiquities, art and history. Definitely worth visiting when you are in Tehran! This palace is located on Fifteen Khordad Avenue in the center of Tehran.
– Saadabad Complex
Saadabad Complex is located in Darband. The Palaces of the Complex were the summer residence of the Qajar kings. There are several museums in this complex. The complex contains:
- More than 180 hectares of natural forest
- Streets, qanats
- Mansions/palaces and museums
– Niavaran Complex
Niavaran Complex is one of the amazing palaces in Tehran. This is a perfect place to visit art galleries, nice cafes and outdoor theatre. It’s more modern than the Saad Abad and Golestan palace. This amazing complex consists of few museums, one pavilion, a Royal Library and the main palace.
Niavaran Historical-Cultural Complex has a beautiful garden and stunning art. You can visit the Palaces or just walk around the garden.
– Imperial Jewelry Museum
The Imperial Jewelry Museum reopened to the public in 1992 after years of being removed from view.
Even if you are not usually interested in a museum, do not forget that this museum is different.
Royal jewelry collections are always fascinating. Few words can describe the beauty and awesomeness of this collection.
The Treasury of National Jewels consists of:
- A 200-year-old precious stone-encrusted throne
- Jewels from all over the world
- A gem-studded 1869 globe
- The biggest pink diamond and other mind-boggling pieces
If you visit Tehran, be sure to go to this place.
– Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art
Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, inaugurated in 1977, is a striking modernist structure. This museum boasts the most extensive (and valuable) collection of artworks outside Europe. Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art is also known as TMoCA. TMoCA is one of the largest art museums in Tehran and Iran.
This Museum also has:
– Collections of more than 3,000 items that include 19th and 20th century’s world-class European and American paintings, prints, drawings and sculptures
– One of the greatest collections of Iranian modern and contemporary art.
– Holy Defense Museum
Holy Defense Museum is new and advanced in Tehran. It also has beautiful surrounding such as parks and lakes.
Museum of the Islamic Revolution and the Holy Defense gives you good information about Iran- Iraq war.
2٫ Bazaars and Carvansaries
– The Grand Bazaar
The Grand Bazaar is right in the heart of the city. Every tourist in Tehran should visit this place. A great place to buy whatever you need from food to home appliances and carpet to gold. Tehran Grand Bazaar is a popular place for tourists and shoppers.
- A spectacular place with delicious food.
- Suitable for buying souvenirs and handicrafts
The Grand Bazaar has several entrances. Sabze-Meydan is the main entrance. Besides shops, this place contains:
We suggest you try. Try to be there in the morning because, after lunch, it gets extremely busy.
– Tajrish Bazaar and Imamzadeh Saleh
– Milad tower
– Tabi’at Bridge
– Abrisham Bridge
4٫ Historical Houses
5٫ Castles and Towers
The fencing and installation of castle-style towers belong to the Sassanid and post-Islamic periods. In the castles, there were palaces, precious property and armouries. Here we mention the famous castles and towers of Tehran.
· Iraj Castle – Tourist Attraction in Varamin
Iraj Castle is located in Pishva in the south of Tehran province. This castle is the oldest brick building in the world. The special of this monument is famous:
- Large defensive walls
- Embedded rooms and arches
- Towers at regular intervals
The Iraj Castle has a design similar to several other Sasanian campaign bases.
· Rey Castle
Rey Castle is an ancient castle located in the north of Rey. It is geographically located above the historic inscription of Cheshme Ali. (You can take the benefit of visiting two historical monuments at the same time)The castle dates back to 4000 BC in the Medes Empire.
· Rashkan Castle
Rashkan Castle is another interesting place in Tehran. The castle is located near Cheshmeh Ali. It was built during the Parthian.
What is Rashkan Castle built with?
- Plaster of lime
- Ashes or sand with stones
Welfare facilities of Rashkan Castle for tourists include:
- Pavilions for rest
- Chairs around the castle
- Chapel (Prayer room)
Other towers and castles include Naqareh Khaneh Tower and Haroun Prison.